Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry that deals with the correction of teeth and jaws that are not properly positioned. Protruding teeth and teeth that don’t fit together can make them difficult to clean. and there is a risk of premature tooth loss due to tooth decay and gum disease. It also puts pressure on the muscles used in mastication, which can cause headaches. Pain in the jaw joints, neck, shoulders and back, protruding teeth or not in the proper position can also destroy personality.
The benefits of orthodontics include a healthier mouth. more attractive personality traits and teeth that can last a lifetime
Specialists in this field are called orthodontist This will take two or more years of study in an ADA-accredited program in addition to four years in dental school.
How do we know if we need orthodontics?
Only a dentist or orthodontist can determine whether or not you should have braces. from diagnosis with medical and dental history examination in the clinic your teeth and x-ray images
You may need orthodontic treatment if you have the following problems:
Protruding upper teeth — The upper teeth protrude much forward.
Lower teeth protruding —Lower teeth protruding far forward.
Crooked teeth — the upper teeth can’t gnaw at the bottom teeth. has a crossed shape
Open incisors — when teeth are gnawed and then there is an open space between the upper and lower teeth.
Crooked teeth — The center of the upper teeth doesn’t align with the lower teeth.
Spaced teeth — gaps between teeth caused by loose or incomplete teeth.
Overlapping teeth — teeth that come up too much that they overlap each other.
How is orthodontic treatment?
There are several methods of orthodontic treatment that will help in orthodontic treatment. Organizes muscles and jaws There are both permanent and removable versions. These tools will perform soft braces on teeth and jaws. The severity of your problem will determine which orthodontic treatment will be most effective.
Braces — This is the most common method. It consists of rubber, wire or steel. The rubber is attached around the teeth to be used as a retainer for the device. Steel sections are welded to the front of the teeth. A wire is threaded through each steel and attached to the tire. Tensioning the wire will increase the tension on the tooth and gradually move it to the proper position. Braces are adjusted monthly to achieve the desired effect. The time it takes for orthodontic treatment can start from a few months to a few years. Nowadays, braces are smaller, lighter and don’t look like metal like in the past. There are also bright colors for children. and a clear one that is popularly used by adults as well
Special fixed attachment — for finger suction control. or the use of pressure This type of device is attached to the teeth with rubber. Because it’s an uncomfortable way. therefore often used as a last resort.
Permanent Gap Device — In the event that the milk tooth is lost permanently Gap retainers are used until the permanent teeth have formed. The rubber will be attached to the teeth next to the gap on one side. and the wire is attached to the tooth next to the gap on the other side.
Clear braces — an alternative for adults who do not want permanent braces. This tool is being used more and more widely. The teeth can be braced as with permanent braces. just no wire and iron This device is invisible when inserted. and can be removed when eating, brushing and flossing
Removable orbital spacer — This device works like a permanent space retainer made of acrylic that fits snugly into the jaw. and there is a plastic or wire between the teeth that needs to maintain the gap.
Jaw alignment device — This device can be inserted from the upper or lower jaw. in order to align the jaws to the proper point to be used to correct the symptoms of abnormal jaw joints
Lip and Cheek Protector — This device is used to protect the lips and cheeks from the teeth. This is because the lips and cheeks can put pressure on the teeth. which this device will reduce the pressure on
Jaw expander — This device expands the upper jaw. It looks like a plastic sheet that is attached to the roof of the mouth. and applying external pressure by tightening the screw forces the jaw joint to open wider.
Removable retainers — These tools are placed on the roof of the mouth to prevent the movement of teeth back to their original spots. It may also be modified to prevent finger sucking.
External braces — This tool has a strap around your head. and connected to the front wire This tool will help slow down the growth of the upper jaw. and idolsmiledental.com keep the inner teeth in the same position while the front teeth are pulled in